October 17, 2018
Are Interest Rates Driving the Stock Market?
Last week we saw the technology laden NASDAQ market drop over 10% from its prior week high, hitting 6906 down from a high of 7728 a week earlier. We have spoken at length over the last few letters how insiders and institutions have been selling out of technology positions but retail seems to be picking up what they are putting down. This kind of action where the weak hands are buying from the strong hands is a notorious set up for a market set back and last week did not disappoint.
We have also discussed the fact that borrowing costs have risen sharply as the Federal Reserve has remained steadfast in their resolve to normalizing rates, whatever level that may be…Anyway its only a matter of time before higher rates creep into their longer-term discounting mechanisms. What do we mean? Well in a quantitative investment world by which mathematics governs many of our decisions and well thought through and quantified variables dominate every market move. We can’t help but be reticent to the fact that if everyone is investing like a quant, then surely NPV or Net Present Value calculations will have to adjust or “discount” at much higher levels given the creep up in bond yields. If you don’t know what NPV is, well, you better go get a refresher, because its about to kick a lot of assets a few notches down the belt of fair value, this we are certain. In an era by which zero rates have fueled the largest debt for equity swap in history, we can only imagine the steep price some companies will have to pay come roll over time. Then again, it’s the equity holders that get lambasted first, then the bond holders, so there is some margin of safety there, but not exactly an honorable consolation.
Anyway, just to touch on a few notable equity names last week and to see how much damage was done, let’s take a look out how some of the FAANGs fared. Facebook dropped some 13% from its late September high of $171, to trade down to $149. Amazon dropped from a recent high of $2033 down to $1684 a decline of 17%. Apple dropped 9% from $233 to $212. Netflix was hit hard losing some 18% from $386 down to $315. Google dropped nearly 12% falling to $1067 from $1210. The FAANGs however did put in a late week rally as they hit the 61.8 fib retracement on the head shown here:
This fueled some to flock back into the tech sector as the NASDAQ rallied sharply especially vs the SP500 as indicated by this reversal shown in this chart here:
To demonstrate the severity of this reversal we can look at this spread in a bit more granular fashion by comparing the actual dollar value of each contract vs one another. As you can see in the next chart after falling from a high earlier in the week of about +$4200 it fell down toward +$1000 and by Friday the Nasdaq regained and hit a new high vs the SP500 for the week up at +$5110.
3-Month SP500 VIX Volatility spiked an astounding 42% from 16.61 up to 23.72 last week. We know that a lot of alpha is generated from short selling options and option writing programs, as dangerous as these strategies are in times of panic, their use is widespread and a tool of many funds’ arsenal in terms of alpha generation. Basically, these strategies look for continued linear movement and not the one-off cataclysmic style event, we just hope that the system continues to let these players out in times of need, but we know, one day, the market will retreat and continue to do so and that has us a bit worried. The complexity of these strategies isn’t the issue, it’s the LIQUIDITY when you most need it that keeps us worried. However, the markets have continued to show their resiliency and that is why these short vol strategies have been so popular. The, this time is not different mentality seems quite pervasive and that is nothing more than naivety to us. From our vantage point we can point to a few things that are clear indications that this time is indeed different. In fact, Charlie Bilello of Pension Partners posted our next chart, aptly entitled “This is the End,” as the Real Fed Funds rate is now higher than US core inflation for the first time in 10.3 years:
With interest rates rising, with central banks around the globe cutting back on their QE programs, perhaps maybe this time is indeed different! As for the interest rates moving higher, well this next chart is a clear demonstration toward the limiting factors working against a Fed that wants to normalize rates. The Fed is going to raise the US government’s interest costs to well over $600 billion next year and we expect this to rise indefinitely and is nothing more than a function of higher debt and higher rates:
Speaking of interest payments and yields, the US government 10yr bond last week fell sharply from 3.26% down to the 3.13% area where strong yield support trend lines come into play. The market rejected that level swiftly and yields rose as equities began to rebound Friday.
Well that is all we have folks, thank you for reading our research and thank you for staying the course with us. Perhaps the equity markets have turned, or perhaps they will grind back up to new highs, all we know is there are signs saying the cost of entry has risen and with that our risk radar must rise also. You know what’s not rising though? Is the global temperature as headline after headline last week was about the early snowfall and impending drop in temperatures, well so much for global warming, us Chicagoan's are too smart to fall for that anyway. We know that a wintry wind gust lies just around the corner and that means summer is some many, many months away and that bitter air rules the day, cheers!
Finally, we will decidedly end our notes with our reaffirmation of the growing need for alternative strategies. We would like to think that our alternative view on markets is consistent with our preference for alternative risk and alpha driven strategies. Alternatives offer the investor a unique opportunity at non correlated returns and overall risk diversification. We believe combining traditional strategies with an alternative solution gives an investor a well-rounded approach to managing their long term portfolio. With the growing concentration of risk involved in passive index funds, with newly created artificial intelligence led investing and overall market illiquidity in times of market stress, alternatives can offset some of these risks.
It is our goal to keep you abreast of all the growing market risks as well as keep you aligned with potential alternative strategies to combat such risks. We hope you stay the course with us, ask more questions and become accustomed to looking at the markets from the same scope we do. Feel free to point out any inconsistencies, any questions that relate to the topics we talk about or even suggest certain markets that you may want more color upon.
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